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How to calculate mutual fund returns in excel

How to calculate mutual fund returns in excel

For the last couple of years say 4 to 5 years, investors having a stable Government at the Center, are participating in the mutual fund sector more and more. As a result, this industry has grown manifold and I personally believe that there is still a long way to go. Therefore, to make it simpler, today I have decided towrite a blog post onHow to calculate mutual fund returns in excel. It will facilitate the investors to understandMutual Fundreturns,how the industry is performing and how much their investment is performing. Before jumping directly onHow to calculate mutual fund returns in excel, you have to know all about returns, their effectiveness in financial products and how actually they work.

⇒How to calculate mutual fund returns in excel using Absolute Return concept

⇒How to calculate mutual fund returns in excel using Annualized Return concept

⇒How to calculate mutual fund returns in excel using Compounded Annual Growth Rate or CAGR concept

⇒How to calculate mutual fund returns in excel using XIRR concept

Final word on How to calculate mutual fund returns in excel

Return on investment is a process of assessing how an investment is performing. To assess how an investment is working, the return is the final outcome of an investment. Thus, I can say that return is the reward of investment for taking risks. A return can be either positive or negative. A positive return implies a profit and a Negative return implies a loss.

To know how to calculate mutual fund returns in excel, you first need to have a basic understanding of return concepts along with their types, how actually financial markets use them.

First, let us know how the absolute return is calculated

Say, Mr. Koushik Mahajan has bought 5000 units of Mutual funds @₹.10 per unit in 2016. So, his investment is₹50000. Now, he sold all 5000 units @₹18 per unit in 2018.What will be the absolute return for Mr. Koushik?

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So, from the above example what you can find is that absolute return just exhibits the return earned on an investment but it ignores the holding period of investment.

Absolute return is widely used in financial markets to assess the performance of stock market indices such as SENSEX or NIFTY. This return is measured on an absolute basis such as for daily, weekly, monthly or quarterly basis.

Absolute return cannot be considered as the best tool for measuring returns as it doesnt take into consideration the holding period of investment.

If in the above example, Mr. Koushik sold his investment in 2017 instead of in 2018, i.e. just after one year of investment, in that case also the absolute return will be 80%. It only represents the returns earned on investment irrespective of the investment period. It will remain the same for any investment period like 1,2,3 years or so.

Annualized return is a method of measuring return on investment in terms of annual or per annum basis. In this method, the return is calculated on a % basis per annum. Thus, this method is one step ahead of absolute return. Here, the time period of investment is considered, unlike absolute return.All annualized returns are presented as% p.a.If no% p.ais given, it is certainlyAbsolute Returnand notAnnualized Return.It is also calledStandardizedtool for measurement of returns.

((EV BV)/BV)*100*(1/Holding period of investment in years)

Situation A:Initial Investment amount100000.End value or redemption value after 3 years is180000.

Annualized Return= ((18)/100000)*100*(1/ 3yrs) = 26.67% per annum.

Situation B:Initial Investment amount100000.End value or redemption value after 4 years is180000.

Annualized Return= ((18)/100000)*100*(1/4 yrs) = 20.00% per annum.

So, in both cases, you find that the Beginning Value and End Value is the same. Also, the absolute return of₹80000in each case is the same. But to compare the best investment option between the above two you must considerAnnualized Returnand situation A is better one in terms of% p.a(26.67%). So, basically, annualized return represents the standardized return on investment on p.a basis and it considers the time period of investment which helps in the decision making process of the investors.

In terms of mutual fund investment, the annualized return should be considered only when there is a lump sum investment and not a series of investments like SIP.

Let us take another example of mutual fund investment to understand how to calculate mutual fund returns in excel using annualized return concept. The details of the mutual fund holding of Mr. Koushik Mahajan is given below.

Now, what will be Mr. Mahajans Annnualized Return on investments?

So, you can see that for making a comparison between two scheme option, Scheme A is better than scheme B in Absolute return basis, whereas, Scheme B is a better option in terms of annualized return basis.

Time value of money is an essential part of financial markets. The concept is that if there is a series of cash flows deriving from an investment, it can be reinvested to earn positive returns. Similarly, if there are only a single investment and no additional cash flows, it is assumed that the single investment would grow at a compounded rate each year. This means when there is only a single investment in a mutual fund, to calculate its performance you should use the CAGR tool.

Now, lets just take the earlier problem and find out how to calculate the CAGR for both investment schemes.

So, CAGR basically represents that if an investment grows or compounded at a constant rate over a period of time. This means CAGR measures how an investment grows when it is growing at a compounded rate. You should keep in mind that this CAGR method is to be used for when there is only a single investment or lump sum investment in case of mutual funds. If there is more than one investment like SIPs, we have to use XIRR method.

XIRRmethod is to be used when one needs to calculate theCAGRfor a series of investments. This means XIRR is the extended version of CAGR with multiple investments like SIPs and additional investments. With the help of the following calculation, you would learn how to compute XIRR to actually measure the returns of mutual funds schemes for performance analysis.

Lets take one example related to mutual fund and calculate the XIRR.

Mr Koushik has started an SIP in a mutual fund scheme @₹2000 per month.

He accumulated during this period 2650 units. The market value as on 31.12.2017 is ₹ 12 per unit. So redemption value is ₹31,800.

SIP started from 01.01.2017 and continued up to 01.12.2017 i.e. for 12 months.

What will be his return on investment as on 31.12.2017?

I hope I have done enough justice to this blog post onHow to calculate mutual fund returns in excel.It has been my continuous endeavor to keep this blog post very simple for easy understanding even for a layman. You may comment below if you have any query regarding this post.

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