You can switch off notifications anytime using browser settings.Mutual Fund performance: Ways of calculating returnsStock Analysis, IPO, Mutual Funds, Bonds & MoreMutual Fund performance: Ways of calculating returnsIn the fourth of the 52-part series, ET Wealth takes you through four ways of calculating returns to evaluate a funds performance.One of the crucial aspects of financial planning is the periodic evaluation of investments. Whether one invests in equities,mutual funds, debt, commodities or a mix of these, a regular review ensures that there is no digression from long-term objectives.

Mutual funds are the best vehicles for long-term planning as they invest across different asset classes and offer diversification.

Moreover, historical evidence suggests that mutual funds, especially equity-oriented ones, outperform all major asset classes, on an average, in the long run.

Yet, one needs to evaluate their performance in the medium term. This is because if a fund is not performing as per its mandate or has been consistently underperforming its benchmark, an investor must exit and move to a good performer.

One way to evaluate performance is by looking at its historical returns, of which two vital ingredients are dividend or income received and/or capital appreciation.

Lets consider the following tools, which are not exclusive for mutual fund evaluation and can be used for other asset classes.

Its one of the easiest and commonly used methods for calculating a funds return. It considers NAV on two datesat the beginning and end of the holding period. The return is calculated by dividing the absolute change in NAV by the NAV on the start date. Its advantage is that it can be applied to virtually all kinds of funds.

So, if you had invested on 1 January 2009 in a fund at a NAV of Rs 10 per unit and sold the units on 2 June 2011 at a NAV of Rs 18.5, the point-to-point return would be 85%.

While this formula is highly useful, it becomes irrelevant if one invests in the dividend option scheme of a fund. This is because the NAV of such a scheme falls once the dividend is paid. For such options, the total return is more relevant.

This overcomes the limitation of point-to-point return by including dividends. The total return is calculated by adding dividends that are distributed during the holding period, to the absolute change in NAV, and dividing it by the NAV on the starting date.

If the investment is made at a NAV of Rs 13 in August 2009 and is sold at a NAV of Rs 19 in September 2011, and the fund declares a dividend of Rs 3 per unit during this period, the total return comes to 69.23%.

It is applicable when the holding period is more than one year. It reduces the effect of volatility or short-term fluctuations on a funds NAV. CAGR assumes that the investment is growing at steady rate. So, a 3-year CAGR of 20% implies that in the past three years, the investment has grown at an average rate of 20%.

It helps in comparing performance across different funds and schemes of the same fund. Where n is no. of years, T is the terminal or maturity value of investment, and B is the start value or amount invested.

Take the first example, where the investment is made in January 2009 and redeemed in June 2011. The n in this case is roughly 2.5 years. This gives us a CAGR of 27.90%.

IRR:The above tools are useful if the sum is invested as a lump sum. If you invest through the SIP route, you need to use IRR. This tool is one of the most complicated, but an MS Excel savvy investor can use this tool easily.

Go through this link for a step by step calculation of your SIP returns.

(%)Mirae Asset Tax Saver Direct-G0.128.159.3210.7922.17Invest NowMirae Asset Tax Saver Reg-G-0.057.658.359.1820.52Invest NowMotilal Oswal Long Term Equity Fund Direct-Growth

ELSS1.187.787.06-2.7717.19Invest NowFeatured

ELSS0.6510.0010.767.4016.03Start SIPMotilal Oswal Focused 25 Fund Direct-Growth

Large Cap1.229.338.713.6514.79Invest NowDHFL Pramerica Gilt Direct Plan – Growth

Gilt1.843.166.039.907.67Invest NowDSP Midcap Direct Plan-Growth

Mid Cap-1.376.695.74-2.8414.42Start SIPDHFL Pramerica Hybrid Debt Fund Direct Plan-Growth

Conservative Hybrid0.843.916.259.779.42Invest NowDSP Focus Direct Plan-Growth

Multi Cap2.1811.2910.616.2312.61Start SIPMotilal Oswal Multicap 35 Fund Direct-Growth

Multi Cap1.928.168.400.0115.91Invest NowMotilal Oswal Midcap 30 Fund Direct-Growth

Mid Cap-0.308.837.44-0.468.98Invest NowDHFL Pramerica Large Cap Fund Direct Plan-Growth

Large Cap2.129.5112.129.3513.83Invest NowDSP Small Cap Direct Plan-Growth

Small Cap-1.209.533.19-11.968.53Start SIPDSP Equity Opportunities Direct Plan-Growth

Large & MidCap-0.277.887.922.9915.54Start SIPDSP Credit Risk Direct Plan-Growth

Credit Risk-0.021.65-0.53-0.664.94Start SIPMotilal Oswal Long Term Equity Fund Direct-Growth

ELSS1.187.787.06-2.7717.19Invest NowDSP Tax Saver Direct Plan-Growth

ELSS0.6510.0010.767.4016.03Start SIPDSP Liquidity Direct-Growth

Liquid0.581.783.677.617.20Start SIPICICI Prudential Savings Fund Direct Plan -Growth

Low Duration0.692.174.378.557.90Invest NowDSP Savings Direct Plan-Growth

Money Market0.652.094.158.546.98Start SIPDSP Strategic Bond Direct Plan-Growth

Dynamic Bond-0.181.434.368.606.77Start SIPDSP 10Y G-Sec Fund Direct-Growth

Gilt with 10 year Constant Duration1.983.025.5610.267.37Start SIPDSP Bond Direct-Growth

Medium Duration0.742.413.616.157.48Start SIPDSP Short Term Direct Plan-Growth

Short Duration0.852.244.708.907.59Start SIPDSP Ultra Short Fund Direct Plan-Growth

Ultra Short Duration0.621.983.066.426.97Start SIPDSP Equity Savings Fund Direct-Growth

Equity Savings0.945.515.784.759.20Start SIPDSP Dynamic Asset Allocation Fund Direct-Growth

Dynamic Asset Allocation0.702.985.008.149.65Start SIPDSP Regular Savings Direct Plan-Growth

Conservative Hybrid0.824.563.220.617.08Start SIPDSP Equity & Bond Direct-Growth

Aggressive Hybrid0.798.389.255.8513.15Start SIP

– Returns less then 1 year are absolute and above 1 year are annualised.

– Returns of 1 year are absolute and above 1 year are annualised..

Done your tax-saving right? Use ET Wealths guide to find out.

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